In the 60s, Intel founder Gordon Moore came up with a law requiring computers to constantly increase performance. Does Moore’s Law work today? We understand the article. Investopedia more
Moore’s Law: what is its essence
Moores Law was introduced in 1965 by Gordon Moore, the founder of Intel. The law describes the regular improvement of computer performance. In 1997, studies confirmed it, although, in fact, it is not entirely true to name the language in question. wikipedia
Moore’s law states that the performance of computers and technical devices doubles approximately every 18 months. Accordingly, this is more likely not a law, but a rule of thumb. It was originally planned to double productivity once a year. However, after further checks, this period was increased to two years.
Gordon Moore in 1965 brought to his theory another rule, which states that technical and economic factors together influence the development of the production of technical devices or integrated circuits. The cost of the final product, however, does not change during this time. Thus, more powerful devices should appear on the market without a noticeable increase in prices. This law was confirmed by many chip manufacturers, as they were guided by the statement of the founder of Intel. The products were manufactured in accordance with Moore’s law, and the prediction came true.
Why Moore’s law no longer works
Since computers can even work with molecular and atomic processes, several decades ago, experts believed that from 2015 the law could no longer be applied. Currently, it really is no longer valid, but for other reasons. In particular, from outside the physical world.
The circuits in the chips are getting smaller and eventually, they will become so small that they can no longer be used. From this moment, the laws of quantum physics will come into force. In addition, the processor clock speed no longer grows at the speed specified by law. The clock frequency indicates how many commands the processor can execute, and its constant increase in accordance with the wording of the law is hindered by the problems of energy consumption and overheating of processors.